An enterprise’s confidential information such as trade secrets, processes and key contacts are all valuable assets that should be protected during the course of a business’s commercial operations, negotiations and transactions.

One effective tool for safeguarding confidential information is a Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA).

An NDA establishes a legal framework for maintaining confidentiality, instils trust in business relationships, deters breaches, and provides legal recourse in case of a violation. By including key terms such as the definition of confidential information, purpose of sharing, obligations of the receiving party, term of the agreement, and consequences of a breach, you can effectively protect your business’s valuable assets and maintain a competitive edge in the market.

What is an NDA?

Also known as a confidentiality agreement, an NDA aims to protect sensitive and confidential information shared between two or more parties. The agreement establishes a confidential relationship and imposes restrictions on the receiving party regarding the use and disclosure of confidential information. The NDA may be a unilateral agreement, where the receiving party is obligated to maintain secrecy, or a mutual agreement, where both parties have reciprocal responsibilities to protect confidential information.

An NDA should always be drafted by a lawyer, as this is a complex area of law and not every document that purports to be an NDA will be enforceable by a court.

When to Use an NDA

An NDA may be used in various situations to ensure that your business’s proprietary information remains confidential. For instance, when engaging in negotiations or discussions with potential business partners, investors, or contractors, it is crucial to protect your trade secrets, financial data, customer lists, marketing strategies, and any other confidential information. Similarly, if you are engaging in negotiations for the sale of your business, an NDA is crucial to protect information shared with prospective buyers. By having parties sign an NDA, you can establish legal protection and discourage the unauthorised disclosure or misuse of your sensitive information.

Benefits of an NDA

The benefits of having a non-disclosure agreement are numerous.

  • NDAs provide a legal framework for maintaining confidentiality. By clearly defining the information that is considered confidential and specifying how it should be handled, an NDA helps prevent unauthorised use or disclosure, protecting your business’s competitive advantage.
  • An NDA can help to instil trust and confidence in business relationships. By entering into an NDA before sharing confidential information, parties foster a sense of trust by demonstrating a commitment to protect each other’s interests.
  • NDA’s act as a deterrent against potential breaches. Knowing that they have legally bound themselves to maintain confidentiality, the receiving party is more likely to exercise caution and take the necessary steps to safeguard the shared information.
  • Finally, an NDA provides a legal recourse in case of a breach. If a party violates the terms of the agreement by disclosing or misusing confidential information, the injured party may seek legal remedies such as injunctions, damages, or specific performance to protect the business and seek compensation for any harm caused.

Key Terms of an NDA

An NDA should clearly define what information is considered confidential. This can include technical data, financial information, trade secrets, customer and supplier lists, marketing strategies, and any other sensitive business information. The NDA should also specify the purpose for which the confidential information is being shared. This ensures that the receiving party understands the limited scope of use and prevents them from using the information for purposes other than what is intended.

The agreement should also outline the obligations of the receiving party regarding the handling of confidential information. This may include requirements such as implementing processes to maintain confidentiality, limiting access to authorised individuals, applying strict security measures, and returning or destroying the information after the purpose of sharing it has been fulfilled.

The NDA should also address the term of the agreement, specifying the duration of the confidentiality obligations. It can be for a specific period or continue indefinitely, depending on the nature of the information and the needs of the parties involved.

Finally, it is essential to include provisions addressing the consequences of a breach. As noted, this may include remedies such as injunctive relief, monetary damages, indemnification, and legal costs.


An NDA is a contract between two or more parties that can help to protect confidential information owned by a business. NDAs are particularly beneficial during negotiations involving potential partnerships, joint ventures, investors, and contractors. The agreement can help protect valuable commercial assets by minimising the threat of misuse of key confidential information.

This information is of a general nature only and we recommend obtaining professional advice relevant to your circumstances. If you or someone you know wants more information or needs help or advice, please contact us on (03) 9600 2768 or email [email protected].